rough

rough1 [ rʌf ] adjective ***
▸ 1 not smooth
▸ 2 difficult
▸ 3 not gentle
▸ 4 not finished/exact
▸ 5 with crime/violence
▸ 6 voice: not soft
▸ 7 not feeling well
▸ + PHRASES
1. ) with a surface that is not smooth:
The walls were built of dark rough stone.
Burlap provides warm color and a rough homespun texture.
─ opposite SMOOTH
a ) used about land and roads that are difficult to travel on:
They covered the 30 miles of rough terrain in record time.
b ) used about the surface of a lake, river, or ocean that has a lot of waves, often because the weather is bad:
Rough waves prevented rescuers from approaching the ship.
─ opposite SMOOTH
2. ) INFORMAL difficult and with a lot of problems:
Oh boy, I had a rough day at the office.
a rough night (=a night when you cannot sleep): I feel terrible, I had a rough night last night.
a rough time: You've been through rough times, you know what it's like.
a rough ride (=a difficult period of time): It's been a rough ride for us, both financially and emotionally.
3. ) not gentle:
Don't be so rough with her, James, she's only a baby.
─ opposite GENTLE
4. ) a rough drawing or piece of writing is not completely finished:
This is a rough drawing of the table I want to build.
rough draft: Here is a rough draft for you to read.
a ) used about an object that is not made very well, or not completely finished:
The customers sat at rough wooden tables.
b ) a rough idea or guess is not detailed or exact:
I don't know the precise cost, but I can give you a rough idea.
5. ) a rough place is not pleasant because there is a lot of crime or violence there:
Madeline grew up in a rough neighborhood.
That's a pretty rough bar.
6. ) a rough voice is not soft and is unpleasant to listen to
7. ) BRITISH INFORMAL if someone feels rough, they do not feel well
be rough on someone
to treat someone in a way that is unfair:
Aren't you are being a little rough on him? He is only a child.
rough edges
minor faults:
Despite the rough edges, we believe he's a player of great potential.
rough justice
treatment or punishment that is not fair
╾ rough|ness noun uncount
=> ROUGHLY
rough
rough 2 [ rʌf ] verb
rough it INFORMAL
to live without things that you usually live with, for example water or electricity:
Let's rough it and go camping.
,rough `out phrasal verb transitive
to produce a drawing or piece of writing without including all the details:
I've roughed out a few sketches for you.
,rough `up phrasal verb transitive INFORMAL
to physically attack someone:
They roughed us up and took away our equipment.
rough
rough 3 [ rʌf ] noun
1. ) singular the part of a GOLF COURSE where the grass is tall and not cut
2. ) count a piece of writing or a drawing that is not finished
3. ) count INFORMAL OLD-FASHIONED someone who is violent and commits crimes
in rough
if you do a piece of written work in rough, you do it in a form that you will finish or improve at a later time
take the rough with the smooth
to accept the bad things that happen as well as the good things
rough
rough 4 [ rʌf ] adverb BRITISH
if you sleep or live rough, you sleep or live outside
play rough
to play in a violent way

Usage of the words and phrases in modern English. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • rough — [ruf] adj. [ME ruh, rugh < OE ruh, akin to Ger rauh < IE * reuk < base * reu , to tear, tear out (> RUG, ROTTEN): prob. basic sense “hairy, woolly”] 1. a) not smooth or level; having bumps, projections, etc.; uneven [a rough surface]… …   English World dictionary

  • Rough — Rough, a. [Compar. {Rougher}; superl. {Roughest}.] [OE. rou?, rou, row, rugh, ruh, AS. r?h; akin to LG. rug, D. rug, D. ruig, ruw, OHG. r?h, G. rauh, rauch; cf. Lith. raukas wrinkle, rukti to wrinkle. [root] 18. Cf. {Rug}, n.] 1. Having… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • rough — adj 1 Rough, harsh, uneven, rugged, scabrous are comparable when they mean not having a smooth or even surface, exterior, or texture. Rough, the usual and comprehensive word, basically applies to whatever may be said to have a surface or an… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • rough — ► ADJECTIVE 1) having an uneven or irregular surface; not smooth or level. 2) not gentle; violent or boisterous: rough treatment. 3) (of weather or the sea) wild and stormy. 4) lacking sophistication or refinement. 5) not finished tidily; plain… …   English terms dictionary

  • rough — [rʌf] adjective 1. a rough figure or amount is not exact: • It is possible to give here only very rough figures. • I can only give you a rough estimate at this stage. 2. not finished: • a rough draft of the report 3 …   Financial and business terms

  • rough — [ rɶf ] n. m. • 1932; mot angl. « raboteux, grossier » ♦ Anglic. 1 ♦ Golf Partie d un terrain de golf non entretenue. 2 ♦ Ébauche, projet, dans les arts graphiques. Faire des roughs. ● rough nom masculin (anglais rough, terrain accidenté) Terrain …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Rough — Rough, v. t. 1. To render rough; to roughen. [1913 Webster] 2. To break in, as a horse, especially for military purposes. Crabb. [1913 Webster] 3. To cut or make in a hasty, rough manner; with out; as, to rough out a carving, a sketch. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • rough — rough, roughen Rough is used as a verb chiefly in the expressions to rough it (= do without basic comforts), to rough out (= to make a sketch of), to rough up (= to attack). Otherwise the verb from rough, meaning ‘to make or become rough’ is… …   Modern English usage

  • Rough — Rough, n. 1. Boisterous weather. [Obs.] Fletcher. [1913 Webster] 2. A rude fellow; a coarse bully; a rowdy. [1913 Webster] {In the rough}, in an unwrought or rude condition; unpolished; as, a diamond or a sketch in the rough. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Rough — may refer to:* Roughness * Rough, the area outside the fairway in golf * Rough (manga) * Rough (facility), gas storage in England * Rough (Tina Turner Album) …   Wikipedia

  • rough — [adj1] uneven, irregular asperous, bearded, brambly, bristly, broken, bumpy, bushy, chapped, choppy, coarse, cragged, craggy, cross grained, disheveled, fuzzy, hairy, harsh, jagged, knobby, knotty, nappy, nodular, not smooth, ridged, rocky,… …   New thesaurus

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